What is the definition of good? Because the concept of “good act” changes from person to person. We believe that the Creator has the final say in the definition of good and evil and he defined goodness like this in Surah Baqarah verse 177:
Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous.
As is seen believing in Him and other pillars of religion is given as the first condition of being righteous.
Also in the Quran Allah says that human beings main purpose is worshipping Him (Quran 51/56), therefore everything else is secondary. However, every good act and bad act, even if it is very small, will get rewarded or punished. (Quran 99/7)
- Our frame of reference is what the Creator said about good and bad.
- Baqara 177
- Despite that whoever does a little good or bad will see it.
You can explain this main purpose concept with an example such as this:
Imagine you are a company manager and you hire a finance manager. Six months passes and he could not improve the financial situation of the company. Even if he is a great person, has good relationship with other employees, as the manager of the company you are justified to fire him because he did not fulfill his main task. The other positive qualities of him are of course appreciated but they are not enough without the main task.